The outlook for male breast cancer is excellent if diagnosis occurs in the early stages. However, early diagnosis is not always possible. One factor in diagnosis delay is a lack of awareness. While many women know how to look out for changes that could indicate breast cancer, there is less awareness among men, which means they may be less likely to seek help in the early stages. Breast cancer can also affect males differently , as they have a small amount of breast tissue in comparison with females.
The accumulating cells form a breawt that may spread metastasize to nearby tissue, to the lymph nodes or to other Symptons of male breast cancer of the body. Breast tissue is cajcer up of milk-producing glands called lobules, ducts that transport milk to the nipples, and fat. Coping with Treatment. Of those nearly 14, contacts, were male-related breast cancer inquires. Because of this, finding cancer in one or more lymph nodes often affects your treatment plan. The more overweight you are, the more of this hormone you produce.
Playboy tiffany. Warning Signs of Male Breast Cancer
The main symptom of male breast cancer canecr a lump in the breast area. Factors that may increase the risk of breast cancer in men include :. Mutations in the BRCA genes and other genes also cause protein changes, and targeted therapy may help in these cases, too. Male breast cancer is a rare cancer that forms in the breast tissue of men. Another drug, toremifene Farestonis similar but only has approval for people with late stage breast cancer that has spread to other Billy blanks gay of the body. The accumulating cells form a tumor that may spread metastasize to nearby tissue, to the lymph nodes or to other parts of the body. Though breast cancer is most commonly thought of as a disease that affects women, breast cancer does occur in men. In: Current Surgical Cabcer. Non-cancer-related enlargement of the breasts can be caused by medications, heavy alcohol use, weight gain, or marijuana use. If a man receives a diagnosis of breast cancer in the early Symptons of male breast cancer, there is a good chance Symptons of male breast cancer effective treatment. In some cancers, estrogen receptors are present on the walls of the cancerous cells.
Sometimes a breast cancer can spread to lymph nodes under the arm or around the collar bone and cause a lump or swelling there, even before the original tumor in the breast is large enough to be felt.
- While many women go to the doctor after finding a lump, every woman should also be aware of other changes to the breast or nipple.
- Male breast cancer is a rare cancer that forms in the breast tissue of men.
- But it's still rare.
- The outlook for male breast cancer is excellent if diagnosis occurs in the early stages.
Mayra Sandoval receives many anonymous calls as a Komen breast care helpline specialist. One call she remembers in particular was from a distressed wife inquiring about a lump her husband found within his chest. In addition to the immediate medical concern, she was even more worried because they did not have health insurance. Sandoval believes awareness of breast cancer in men is key in educating the public about judged or perceived gender views when it comes to the disease.
This past year, about 14, people contacted the Susan G. Komen helpline seeking assistance for breast cancer related issues — seeking advice and financial assistance, learning about their diagnoses and more.
Of those nearly 14, contacts, were male-related breast cancer inquires. While it is widely acknowledged that one in eight women in the U. Breast cancer in men is rare in the United States, one in 1, U. S men will be diagnosed with breast cancer, but it is still imperative for everyone to know their risk. In addition to knowing their family history, it is important for men to be aware of the most common sign of breast cancer.
Most often, it is a painless lump or thickening in the breast or chest area. However, any change in the breast or nipple can be a warning sign of breast cancer in men including:. Because men tend to have much less breast tissue compared to women, some of these signs can be easier to notice in men than in women.
Knowing your body, health history and regularly seeing your doctor are the best ways to be sure any issues are detected as early as possible — which helps save lives. Return to Blog Home. Donate Now Fundraise. The Komen Connection. By: Susan G.
It's unclear whether the reported rise means the disease is slowly becoming more common, or whether men better understand the symptoms and report their symptoms, leading to diagnoses that might have been missed in the past. Diagnostic methods and treatments have improved in the last few years, and so the chances of living for at least 5 years after diagnosis are probably higher than the above figures for people currently receiving a diagnosis. Treatment typically involves surgery to remove the breast tissue. As a result, it may spread more quickly to nearby tissues. Accessed Feb. It's important to note that enlargement of both breasts not just on one side is usually NOT cancer.
Symptons of male breast cancer. Available 24/7
Your doctor may recommend that you meet with a genetic counselor in order to consider genetic testing to see if you carry genes that increase your risk of cancer. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Male breast cancer is a rare cancer that forms in the breast tissue of men. Male breast cancer is most common in older men, though it can occur at any age.
Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Ferzoco RM, et al. The epidemiology of male breast cancer. Current Oncology Reports. Cameron JL, et al. The management of male breast cancer.
In: Current Surgical Therapy. Philadelphia, Pa. Accessed Feb. Gradishar WJ. Breast cancer in men. Male breast cancer treatment PDQ. National Cancer Institute.
This is treatment with a drug that kills cancer cells. A doctor often gives it as an injection, but sometimes a person can take it by mouth. Chemotherapy can prevent cancer from returning if a person uses it after surgery, or treat the symptoms of late stage cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. Most adverse effects of chemotherapy disappear after the treatment finishes.
Learn more here about chemotherapy, what it involves, and its effects. Various genetic features and changes can affect an individual's risk of cancer. As scientists learn more about the link between different genetic mutations and cancer, they are developing drugs that can target the specific changes that result. Targeted therapy is a relatively new type of cancer treatment that affects proteins that are involved when specific genetic changes lead to cancer. It is different from chemotherapy as it does not target the whole body.
For example, in some men with breast cancer, there is too much of a protein known as HER2 on the surface of the cancer cells. HER2 -positive breast cancers tend to be more aggressive than some other types. Some drugs, such as trastuzumab Herceptin , appear to slow the progression of cancer by targeting HER2. Mutations in the BRCA genes and other genes also cause protein changes, and targeted therapy may help in these cases, too.
Scientists have identified other genes that affect the course of breast cancer and continue to develop drugs that may improve the outlook for people with these specific changes. Experts do not know exactly why cancer develops in the breast, but they have identified a number of risk factors. A common factor appears to be a high level of the female hormone estrogen in relation to androgen.
Genetic, environmental, and medical factors can all contribute to this. Genetic mutations may increase the risk of breast cancer. There is often a family history of breast cancer in people with these changes. As with many conditions, however, genetic features alone may not lead to cancer.
Environmental factors may also need to be present. Factors that may increase the risk of breast cancer in men include :. Age : Men who receive a diagnosis of breast cancer are over 72 years old on average. Radiation : A man who has previously had radiation treatment to the chest area may have a higher risk.
Alcohol: There appears to be a link between high alcohol consumption and male breast cancer. Jobs : There may be a link between breast cancer and exposure to organic solvents or working with steel and rolling mills. Males with some health conditions, such as Klinefelter syndrome , appear to have a 20—60 times higher risk of breast cancer than those without the condition.
These conditions and certain medical treatments — and especially those that involve estrogen — appear to increase the risk.
People who undergo surgery to remove one or both testicles may also have a higher risk. If there is a history of male breast cancer in the family, a person should regularly check for changes and see a doctor, as soon as possible, if these occur. The individual may also consider asking their doctor about genetic testing. Leading a healthy lifestyle — for example, by exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, and limiting alcohol consumption — may help prevent male breast cancer.
If a man receives a diagnosis of breast cancer in the early stages, there is a good chance of effective treatment. However, it can sometimes be hard to get an early diagnosis since the disease is rare and can resemble other conditions that are not cancerous.
For this reason, diagnosis may come at a later stage. Being aware of the signs and symptoms of male breast cancer increases the chances of getting early treatment.
The main symptom of male breast cancer is a lump in the breast area. What are breast lumps? Click here to find out more about recognizing the characteristic lumps of breast cancer. Stay in the know.
What Is Breast Cancer in Men? | Male Breast Cancer
If the cancer cells have spread to your lymph nodes, there is a higher chance that the cells could have also traveled through the lymph system and spread metastasized to other parts of your body. The more lymph nodes with breast cancer cells, the more likely it is that the cancer may be found in other organs.
Because of this, finding cancer in one or more lymph nodes often affects your treatment plan. Usually, surgery to remove one or more lymph nodes will be needed to know whether the cancer has spread. Still, not all men with cancer cells in their lymph nodes develop metastases to other areas, and some men can have no cancer cells in their lymph nodes and later develop metastases. Gynecomastia is the most common male breast disorder. It is not a tumor but rather an increase in the amount of a man's breast tissue.
Usually, men have too little breast tissue to be felt or noticed. Gynecomastia can appear as a button-like or disk-like growth under the nipple and areola the dark circle around the nipple , which can be felt and sometimes seen.
Some men have more severe gynecomastia and they may appear to have small breasts. Although gynecomastia is much more common than breast cancer in men, both can be felt as a growth under the nipple, which is why it's important to have any such lumps checked by your doctor. Gynecomastia is common among teenage boys because the balance of hormones in the body changes during adolescence. It is also common in older men due to changes in their hormone balance. In rare cases, gynecomastia occurs because tumors or diseases of certain endocrine hormone-producing glands cause a man's body to make more estrogen the main female hormone.
Men's glands normally make some estrogen, but not enough to cause breast growth. Diseases of the liver, which is an important organ in male and female hormone metabolism, can change a man's hormone balance and lead to gynecomastia. Obesity being extremely overweight can also cause higher levels of estrogen in men. Some medicines can cause gynecomastia.
These include some drugs used to treat ulcers and heartburn, high blood pressure, heart failure, and psychiatric conditions. Men with gynecomastia should ask their doctors if any medicines they are taking might be causing this condition.
Klinefelter syndrome, a rare genetic condition, can lead to gynecomastia as well as increase a man's risk of developing breast cancer. There are many types of benign breast tumors abnormal lumps or masses of tissue , such as papillomas and fibroadenomas. Benign tumors do not spread outside the breast and are not life threatening. Benign breast tumors are common in women but are very rare in men. The most common types of breast cancer are ductal carcinoma in situ, invasive ductal carcinoma, and invasive lobular carcinoma.
Most breast cancers are carcinomas. In fact, breast cancers are often a type of carcinoma called adenocarcinoma , which starts in cells that make glands glandular tissue. Breast adenocarcinomas start in the ducts the milk ducts or the lobules milk-producing glands.
Sometimes a single breast tumor can be a combination of different types. And in some very rare types of breast cancer, the cancer cells may not form a lump or tumor at all. When a biopsy is done to find out the specific type of breast cancer, the pathologist also will say if the cancer has spread in to the surrounding tissues.
The name of the breast cancer type will change depending on the extent of the cancer. Ductal carcinoma in situ DCIS; also known as intraductal carcinoma is considered non-invasive or pre-invasive breast cancer. In DCIS also known as intraductal carcinoma , cells that lined the ducts have changed to look like cancer cells. The difference between DCIS and invasive cancer is that the cells have not spread invaded through the walls of the ducts into the surrounding tissue of the breast or spread outside the breast.
DCIS is considered a pre-cancer because some cases can go on to become invasive cancers. DCIS accounts for about 1 in 10 cases of breast cancer in men. It is almost always curable with surgery. LCIS is not a true pre-invasive cancer because it does not turn into an invasive cancer if left untreated, but it is linked to an increased risk of invasive cancer in both breasts.
LCIS is rarely, if ever seen in men. This is the most common type of breast cancer. Invasive or infiltrating ductal carcinoma IDC starts in a milk duct of the breast, breaks through the wall of the duct, and grows into the fatty tissue of the breast. Once it breaks through the wall of the duct, it has the potential to spread to other parts of the body. At this point, it may be able to spread metastasize to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system and bloodstream.
At least 8 out of 10 male breast cancers are IDCs alone or mixed with other types of invasive or in situ breast cancer. Because the male breast is much smaller than the female breast, all male breast cancers start relatively close to the nipple, so they are more likely to spread to the nipple. This is different from Paget disease as described below.
Invasive lobular carcinoma ILC starts in the milk-producing glands lobules. Like IDC, it can spread to other parts of the breast and body. This is because men do not usually have much lobular glandular breast tissue. This type of breast cancer starts in the breast ducts and spreads to the nipple.
It may also spread to the areola the dark circle around the nipple. The skin of the nipple usually appears crusted, scaly, and red, with areas of itching, oozing, burning, or bleeding. There may also be an underlying lump in the breast. Paget disease may be associated with DCIS or with infiltrating ductal carcinoma.
Inflammatory breast cancer is an aggressive, but rare type of breast cancer. It makes the breast swollen, red, warm and tender rather than forming a lump. It can be mistaken for an infection of the breast. This is very rare in men. There are some special types of breast cancer that are sub-types of invasive carcinoma.
They are much less common than the breast cancers named above.